Joint rule

The earliest recorded use of the term “synarchy” is attributed to Thomas Stackhouse (1677-1752), an English clergyman who used the word in his New History of the Holy Bible from the Beginning of the World to the Establishment of Christianity (published in two folio volumes in 1737). The attribution can be found in the Webster’s Dictionary (the American Dictionary of the English Language, published by Noah Webster in 1828). Webster’s definition for “synarchy” is limited entirely to “joint rule or sovereignty”.

The most substantive early use of the word “synarchy” comes from the writings of Alexandre Saint-Yves d’Alveydre (1842-1909), who used the term in his book La France vraie to describe what he believed was the ideal form of government. In reaction to the emergence of anarchist ideologies and movements, Saint-Yves elaborated a political-theological formula which he believed would lead to a harmonious society by viewing it as an organic unity. He defended social differentiation and hierarchy with co-operation between social classes, transcending conflict between social and economic groups: Synarchy, as opposed to anarchy. Specifically, Saint-Yves envisioned an European society with a government composed of three councils, representing economic power, judicial power, and scientific community, of which the metaphysical chamber bound the whole structure together.

Rule by esoteric societies

Alexandre Saint-Yves d’Alveydre, an occultist, also used the word “synarchy” to describe a form of government where political power effectively rests with secret societies or, more precisely, esoteric societies, which are composed of oracles. He associated this form of governance with “ascended masters” in subterranean caverns of Agartha, who supposedly communicated with him telepathically. Saint-Yves believed that this synarchist world government was transferred to a hollow Earth at the start of the Kali Yuga era, around 3,200 B.C.

Rule by a secret elite

Some conspiracy theorists use the word “synarchy” to describe a shadow government, a form of government where political power effectively rests with a secret elite, in contrast to an “oligarchy” where the elite is or could be known by the public. For example, Lyndon LaRouche, leader of a controversial movement on the political fringe, describes a wide-ranging historical phenomenon, starting with Alexandre Saint-Yves d’Alveydre and the Martinist Order followed by important individuals, organizations, movements and regimes that are alleged to have been synarchist, including the government of Nazi Germany. He claims that during the Great Depression an international coalition of financial institutions, raw materials cartels, and intelligence operatives, installed fascist regimes throughout Europe (and tried to do so in Mexico) to maintain world order and prevent the repudiation of international debts. LaRouche identifies U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney as a modern “synarchist”, and claims that “synarchists” have “a scheme for replacing regular military forces of nations, by private armies in the footsteps of a privately financed international Waffen-SS-like scheme, a force deployed by leading financier institutions, such as the multi-billions funding by the U.S. Treasury, of Cheney’s Halliburton gang.”

Synarchism. (2008, September 30). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 15:25, November 2, 2008, from

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